Binomial Nomenclature Definition
Binomial nomenclature is a binomial system for naming species. The binomial name consists of two parts, namely the common name (genus name) and the specific name (or the specific epithelium in the plant name). It usually takes the Latin form. Synonyms: Binomial nomenclature; Binary nomenclature Binomial naming system.
Binomial Nomenclature In Biology
In biology, the binomial nomenclature is essential for integrating the entire life science naming system, so a specific unique name identifier can be assigned to specific species across different languages. Binomial nomenclature is especially used by taxonomists to name or identify species of specific organisms. It is often used to name species that are usually based on Greek or Latin. Although Latin is now an obsolete language, it is still used in the naming of creatures.
Who are Developed the system of Binomial Nomenclature?
The Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778) created a biological naming system. This is called binomial nomenclature. Their system is now used internationally. He discarded the common names of plants and gave each plant a scientific name.
He used Latin words to refer to these scientific names. Linnaeus published a list of plant names in 1753. Their system is very popular. Later, he used this system for naming animals.
He published a list of animal names in 1758. Linnaeus gives each species a scientific name, and the two-word system is called binomial nomenclature.
The name is the genus (pl.genera). This is called a generic name. It always starts with a capital letter.
The second name is the species name. It follows the common name. It starts with a lowercase letter. These names are based on certain characteristics of the creature or collector. Many of their names are still used today.
Binomial Nomenclature Examples
An example is the yucca yucca, a yucca plant and a unique yucca species. When applying binomial nomenclature, species names are written in italics or enclosed in quotation marks (“”). Common names begin with uppercase letters, while specific titles begin with lowercase letters. You can also write it by abbreviating it as the first letter. For example, as in the previous example, Yucca Yucca is known simply as filament yeast. Names given to specific species are called binomial names or scientific names.
Here are some examples of common names and their binomial names:
Apple – Pyrus maleus
Banana – Musa paradiscium
Camel – Camelus camelidae
Carrot – Daucas carota
Cat – Felis catus
Deer – Artiodactyl cervidae
Dog – Cannis familiaris
Dolphin – Delphinidae delphis
Elephant – Proboscidea elephantidae
Horse – Eqqus caballus
Human – Homo sapiens
Lemon – Citrus limonium
Maize – Zea mays
Onion – Allium cepa
Orange – Citrus aurantium
Pig – Artiodactyla suidae
Pineapple – Ananus sativus
Potato – Solanium tuberosum
Rabbit – Leporidae cuniculas
Watermelon – Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat – Triticum aestivum
Every species in the world has the same scientific name. Initially, this classification was based on appearance or morphology. Later, knowledge of cytology, physiology, genetics and molecular biology was advanced. Hence the classification of organisms has been revised.
The name ‘Well Blackbird’ is used for crow as well as ‘raven’. Common names have no scientific basis.
for example; A fish is a vertebrate animal with wings and gills. But many common names of ‘silverfish’, fish crayfish ‘,’ jellyfish ‘and’ starfish ‘do not fit the definition of a fish biologist.
To avoid all these confusions, organisms are given a scientific name using binomial nomenclature. The value of this system is due to its widespread use and consistency of its names.
In Biology, each species can be clearly identified with only two words. Some names can be used in all languages, across languages, to avoid translation difficulties.