Diploblastic

Difference Between Diploblastic and Triploblastic

Main Difference Diploblastic vs Triploblastic Dummy cells and trefoil cells refer to two different types of Diploblastic stage. The main cell layer formed during embryogenesis is called the germ layer. Invertebrates, usually three germ layers in the stomach, can be identified. They are the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. However, animals with more complex structures than […]

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Organ

Organ: Describe Its Types and Facts

Organs System Biological organs refer to a group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapted to perform specific functions. In higher animals, organs are divided into organ systems. For example, the esophagus, stomach, and liver are parts of the digestive system. Examples of Organs In higher animals, there are usually 10 organs: […]

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Mitochondria

Mitochondria: Function, Structure, & Facts

Mitochondria are membrane-bound organelles (mitochondria, singular) that produce most of the chemical energy needed to drive cell biochemical reactions. The chemical energy produced by mitochondria is stored in small molecules called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria have their own small chromosomes. Typically, mitochondrial and mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother. Function Mitochondria are the […]

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Fungi

Fungi: Definition, Types, and Structure

Fungi is a state usually made up of multicellular eukaryotes. They are heterotrophic organisms (cannot make food by themselves) and play an important role in the nutrient cycle in ecosystems. Fungi can breed sexually and botanically, and they also mate with plants and bacteria. However, they are also responsible for some diseases of animals and […]

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immune system

Immune System: Definition, Function, Disease, and Types

The immune system is the body’s defense against infection. The immune system (ih-MYOON) attacks bacteria and helps us stay healthy. or Collection of internal structures and processes — to prevent diseases or other foreign objects that may be damaged. During normal operation, the immune system recognizes various threats, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and distinguishes […]

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Nucleus

Nucleus: Define its Structure & Function

The nucleus is a membrane-bound organ that contains the genetic material (DNA) of eukaryotes. In this way, it maintains cell integrity by facilitating transcription and replication processes. It is the largest organelle of the cell, accounting for about one-tenth of the entire cell volume. This makes it one of the most easily identified organisms under […]

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Enzymes

Enzymes: Its Structure, and Characteristics

Enzymes are biological catalysts. The main feature of enzymes is that they have biologically active proteins that can accelerate chemical reactions in cells, but they will not alter the reactions. As proteins, they are always bound in chains of amino acids with specific shapes and bonds. or Enzymes can increase the efficiency of biological reactions. […]

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Laboratory

Laboratory: Its Apparatus and Uses

Many types of equipment in the laboratory are used for scientific research. However, we have compiled 20 laboratory instruments and all possible general and special lists of their use. They enable us to experiment successfully and make accurate measurements or observations. All common laboratory equipment should be prepared only with the outline diagram and the […]

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Spermatogenesis

Spermatogenesis: Describe its Process and Function

The production process of sperm and egg (gametes) is called gametes (spermatogenesis and oogenesis). Gametogenesis involves two rounds of meiotic cell division, in which a diploid cell forms 4 haploid cells. This figure shows the process of spermatogenesis. The germinal hair (glossy epithelium) of seminal tubules contains spermatogenic cells and supporting cells. (Click here to […]

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