Five-Kingdom System of Classification And Characteristics

Today, scientists divide organisms into five mane groups called kingdom. These states are named Monera, Prista, Fungi, Animalia, and Plantae. Examples of beings related to these states are as follows:

Kingdom of living organisms

Previously, living organisms were divided into two states: The plant kingdom includes bacteria, fungi, algae, and plants.
The animal kingdom consists of single-cell preferential and cell-free animals.

Some biologists disagree with the classification of bread molds, yeast, and mushrooms. Fungi are similar to plants in many ways.

But the fungus is heterotrophic. They break down the surrounding material and absorb food. This food is used for energy and structural materials. The main structural component in their cell walls is called chitin.

Therefore, the fungus was given an independent state. The taxonomy system lasted for many years. During this period, the people tried to add a third kingdom. By 1969, the world had developed a taxonomy system that adopted five currently living biological states.

Each of the five states represents a group of living things with common characteristics. The common features of the classification system of the five states are as follows:


Classification of Five-Kingdom

Kingdom Monera

It consists of prokaryotes, that is, they are made up of prokaryotic cells. Brown algae are unicellular, although some types form cell chains or colonies. Prokaryotic cells are completely different from eukaryotic cells. Most are heterotrophic, but some perform photosynthesis because they contain chlorophyll in the cytoplasm. In this kingdom, there are two different organisms, bacteria, and cyanobacteria.

Kingdom Protista

It consists of eukaryotic single cells and simple multicellular organisms. There are three main creatures.

Algae are single-celled, colonized, or simply multicellular. They are similar to planting in chloroplasts with cell walls and chlorophyll. Simple multicellular means that they do not have multicellular organs and do not form embryos in their life cycle.
Protozoa are similar to animals, whose cells lack chlorophyll and cell walls.
Some organisms are fungus-like. …

Kingdom Fungi

It includes eukaryotic multicellular heterotrophic organisms that are absorbed in nutrients, such as mushrooms. Most fungi are decomposers. They live on organic materials, secrete digestive enzymes, and absorb small organic molecules formed by enzyme digestion.

Kingdom Plantae

This includes eukaryotic multicellular autotrophs. Plants are self-supporting in nutritional mode and make their own food through photosynthesis. Their life cycle consists of multicellular organs and embryos. Moss, ferns and flowering plants are included in this state.

Kingdom Animalia (animals)

This includes eukaryotic multi-cellular consumers. The existence of animals is mainly through ingestion of food and digestion in a particular cavity. They have no cell wall and show movement. 5 states features

One biologist believes that the Protista kingdom evolved from Monera, and then caused three other eukaryotic states, namely fungi, plantae, and anemia (animals).

Virus status

Anion viruses have only protein, and viroids have only spherical RNA. Both particles can cause infectious diseases in some plants.
Viruses are on the verge of survival and conscience. Due to their crystal nature, they are considered lifeless. They are cell-free, that is, they have no cellular organization, but still show some characteristics of living organisms (for example, they have DNA).

Viruses contain RNA or DNA, usually wrapped in a protein shell. They breed only in living cells, where they cause various diseases. They are not considered as organisms and are therefore not included in the five-country classification system.

Viruses and viroids also have cell-free radicals and are not included in the five kingdoms classification system.

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