immune system

Immune System: Definition, Function, Disease, and Types

The immune system is the body’s defense against infection. The immune system (ih-MYOON) attacks bacteria and helps us stay healthy. or Collection of internal structures and processes — to prevent diseases or other foreign objects that may be damaged. During normal operation, the immune system recognizes various threats, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and distinguishes […]

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Nucleus: Define its Structure & Function

The nucleus is a membrane-bound organ that contains the genetic material (DNA) of eukaryotes. In this way, it maintains cell integrity by facilitating transcription and replication processes. It is the largest organelle of the cell, accounting for about one-tenth of the entire cell volume. This makes it one of the most easily identified organisms under […]

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Enzymes: Its Structure, and Characteristics

Enzymes are biological catalysts. The main feature of enzymes is that they have biologically active proteins that can accelerate chemical reactions in cells, but they will not alter the reactions. As proteins, they are always bound in chains of amino acids with specific shapes and bonds. or Enzymes can increase the efficiency of biological reactions. […]

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Laboratory: Its Apparatus and Uses

Many types of equipment in the laboratory are used for scientific research. However, we have compiled 20 laboratory instruments and all possible general and special lists of their use. They enable us to experiment successfully and make accurate measurements or observations. All common laboratory equipment should be prepared only with the outline diagram and the […]

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PBTE Result

PBTE Result 2020 DAE, D.Com, First, second, and third-year PBTE Result 2020 Punjab Technology Education Lahore will be announced officially here. PBTE recently announced the 2020 Technical Results. All the students who are waiting for their first annual examination result of 2020. It is reported here that all technical PBTE All year’s results will be published here. […]

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Spermatogenesis: Describe its Process and Function

The production process of sperm and egg (gametes) is called gametes (spermatogenesis and oogenesis). Gametogenesis involves two rounds of meiotic cell division, in which a diploid cell forms 4 haploid cells. This figure shows the process of spermatogenesis. The germinal hair (glossy epithelium) of seminal tubules contains spermatogenic cells and supporting cells. (Click here to […]

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CSS Exam

CSS Exam: General Information Guide

Introduction: The CSS exam represents the Central Superior Service Exam. The CSS exam is conducted by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) Islamabad and aims to recruit candidates for the following positions (BS-17) under the leadership of the federal government. CSS Information: The civil service system defined by it has become the key to operating […]

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Binomial Nomenclature

Binomial Nomenclature: Define With Examples

Binomial Nomenclature Definition Binomial nomenclature is a binomial system for naming species. The binomial name consists of two parts, namely the common name (genus name) and the specific name (or the specific epithelium in the plant name). It usually takes the Latin form. Synonyms: Binomial nomenclature; Binary nomenclature Binomial naming system. Binomial Nomenclature In Biology […]

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