Fungi: Definition, Types, and Structure

Fungi

Fungi is a state usually made up of multicellular eukaryotes. They are heterotrophic organisms (cannot make food by themselves) and play an important role in the nutrient cycle in ecosystems. Fungi can breed sexually and botanically, and they also mate with plants and bacteria. However, they are also responsible for some diseases of animals and plants. The study of fungi is called mycology.

Fungi

Types of Fungi

There are five types of Fungi: Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Glomeromycota, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota. A brief description of each gate is given below.

Chytridiomycota

Chitrids is an organism found in Chytridiomycota, usually aquatic and microscopic. They are usually asexual and produce spores that move using spores, small tail-like appendages. Chytridiomycota Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis can cause fungal infections of frogs by digging a hole under their skin. It recently destroyed the Harlequin frog population, killing two-thirds of people in Central and South America.

Zygomycota

Carnivorous fungi are mainly terrestrial and feed on plant debris or rotting animals. They also cause problems by increasing human food sources. An example of a zygote is Rhizopus rhizome, a type of bread mold. Hypotects of the zygotic hyphae are not separated by septa, making their mycelium essentially a large cell with many nuclei. They usually breed asexually through spores.

Glomeromycota

For half of all fungi found in soil there are spherical bacteria, and they often form mycorrhizae with plants. In fact, 80–90% of mycelium can cause mycorrhizae disease in all land plants. The fungi get sugar from the plants, and then dissolve the minerals in the soil to provide nutrients for the plants. These fungi can also breed asexually.

Ascomycota

Ascomycetes are usually pathogens of animals and plants (including humans), which cause infections such as athlete’s foot, herpes, and ergotosis. These infections can cause vomiting, cramps, hallucinations and sometimes death. However, some assomycetes are commonly found in the human body, such as Candida albicans, a yeast that resides in the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and female reproductive tract. Ascomycetes have a reproductive sac called SCI and can produce sexual spores, but they can also breed asexually.

Basidiomycota

Like ascomycetes, basidiomycetes can also produce sexual spores called basal cells. Pasteurella is usually stick-shaped, and basidiomycetes are also called stick fungi. Most basidiomycetes breed through sex. Mushrooms are a common example of basidiomycetes.

Fungi Structure

Fungi Structure
  • The body of a fungus is very simple, called mycelium. It has many thread-like or fibrous structures called hype.
  • Inside the mycelium cytoplasm, there are nuclei and oil globules, which store food.
  • There are three types of mycelium:
  • Next wall hype (hype) septum-transdermal. In Chas, the cross wall separates it, so the hype is divided into several cells. Each cell has one atomic (primary) and two atomic (secondary) hyphae.
  • Light-colored mycelium (hype) A = no, septum = transverse wall. In this type, there is no hype compartment, so the hype is not divided into individual cells. It is also called coenocytic hyphae (disambiguation condition with normal cytoplasm).
  • Divided fungi have a perforation in many dividing proteins with perforation through which cytoplasm flows between cells.

Characters of Fungi

  • Special organisms with a simple body called “mycelium”.
  • Fungi do not contain chlorophyll, so they cannot make their own food ingredients. They are parasites or saprophytes.
  • Their cell walls are made up of chitin and fungal cellulose.
  • They can cause plant and animal diseases or damage to food.
  • Some fungi are useful and can be used as food, such as dense rooms. There are different types of mushrooms, and some mushrooms are poisonous.
  • In fungi, reproduction is done by asexual or sexual methods.
  • Get penicillin and other antibiotics from fungi.

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