Carbon | Facts, Uses | Importance of Carbon in Biochemistry

Importance of Carbon in Biochemistry

Carbon is the main component of organic compounds. Because of its unique properties, carbon occupies a central place in the structure of life. Therefore, it is very important for living organisms. Carbon has the following properties:

Carbon is the main component of organic compounds. Because of its unique properties, carbon occupies a central place in the structure of life. Therefore, it is very important for living organisms. Carbon has the following properties:

1. tetravalent Carbon

Trivalent Carbon. It can interact with many other known elements to form covalent bonds.

2. Tetrahedron Carbon

When a carbon atom is combined with four atoms or groups, the four bonds are arranged symmetrically in the tetrahedron and a stable formation is obtained. The stability associated with the state of the four cycles of the carbon atom makes it a favorable component for the synthesis of complex cell structures.

3. Catenation

Carbon atoms can also join with each other to form stable, branched, or branched chains or rings. This carbon ability is responsible for the various organic compounds. The C-C bond forms the skeleton of the organic molecule, as shown below;

Carbon

4. A mixture of carbon and other elements

Carbon is usually combined with other elements such as H, O, N, and S. They form many types of compounds with these elements:

Carbon Hydrogen Bond (C-H):

This C-H connector is the power source for cell activity.

Glycosidic Linkage:

The carbon-oxygen bond (C-O) forms sugar bonds in carbohydrates. Therefore, carbohydrates are stable compounds.

Peptide Linkage:

Carbon is bound to nitrogen in the amino acid bond. The bond formed between two amino acids is called a peptide bond. Protein is made up of peptide bonds. Proteins have different structures and functions. Therefore, proteins play an important role in cells.

Synthesis of Macromolecules:

Cellulose, fats, protein, etc. are great organic molecules. It is insoluble in water. They form many cell structures. They also serve as storage vehicles. They destroy the structure of the cell. They also serve as storage vehicles. It decomposes and releases small particles such as glucose. Glucose provides energy for the body.

Synthesis of Macromolecules:

Glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids are small organic molecules. They are subunits of large molecules. Some small molecules are unstable. It damages and releases energy, like ATP. These substances are a direct source of energy for cell metabolism.

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