Genetically Modified Organism (GMO), an organism whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory to promote the expression of desired physical traits or production of desired biological products.
For thousands of years, humans have used reproductive methods to Genetically Modified Organism. Corn, cattle, and even dogs have been selectively bred for some desirable traits for a few generations. However, over the past few decades, modern developments in biotechnology have allowed scientists to directly modify the DNA of microorganisms, crops, and animals.
Genetically Modified Organisms Examples
In traditional animal husbandry production, crop cultivation, and even domestic breeding, there is a practice of breeding specific individuals of a species to produce offspring with long-desired traits. However, in genetic modification, recombination genetic techniques are used to generate organisms whose genome has been properly modified at the molecular level, usually by incorporating features encoded by genes from unrelated biological species. , And features encoded by these features are traditional selection reproduction is not easy to achieve.
Genetically Modified Plants
Transgenic crops refer to crops whose genes have been modified using genetic engineering technology. These are also called genetically modified crops. The main purpose of producing genetically modified organisms is to increase the yield of crops and produce disease-resistant crops.
An example of genetically modified crops is golden rice. After genetic modification, it produces twenty times more it-carotene than previous rice varieties. Golden rice is specifically for use in Asia. Another rice variety was also produced to combat iron deficiency. Remove one gene from the beans and add it to the rice gene. As a result, rice helps in fighting iron deficiency.
Genetically Modified Medicines
Genetically modified drugs are a revolutionary idea. It helps in curing diabetes, high blood pressure and other diseases and also helps in the treatment of some genetic diseases.
Insulin is the first genetically modified drug made by injecting the genes of the pig’s intestine into bacteria. Bacteria with this gene grow and produce insulin.
Many other products, such as Aspartame, Remicade, Avastin, etc., are the result of genetic engineering. Some genetically engineered plants also produce edible vaccines for disease prevention.
Genetically Modified Animals
Transgenic animals are produced by inserting target genes into target organisms. Pigs, chickens, cattle, fish, and mosquitoes are some genetically modified animals produced by scientists. In these animals, the embryo will be genetically altered by the target gene, which will allow the animal to produce more milk, meat, and prevents diseases.
Importance Of Genetically Modified Organisms
Genetically modified organisms bring many potential benefits to the environment. This helps reduce ecological damage. For example, some genetically engineered bacteria can produce biodegradable plastics. A nutrient-rich Ralstonia eutropa converts glucose and some other acids into flexible polymers. This polymer is used to make plastics.
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